Resources –, Substitute Teaching Division Skip to main content


Resources for Your Substitute Teachers

By For Administrators, Resources is eager to help you help your substitute teachers. Here are some free resources we encourage you to pass along to your substitute teachers:

  1. Facebook Page Each week our substitute teacher trainer goes live on the Facebook page with a short training video for substitute teachers.
  2. SubSuggestions Newsletter Delivered twice a month, it is easily the most popular substitute teacher newsletter out there.
  3. Latest Giveaway Every fall and spring hosts a huge giveaway for substitute teachers. Yes, we regularly give away Apple Watches.

Coming Soon: YouTube Channel

Substitute Teacher Self-­Efficacy Scale (STSES)

By Resources

STSES (Substitute Teacher Self-Efficacy Study) is used to measure Classroom Management Construct, Teaching Strategies Construct, and Professionalism Construct. The goal is to measure the impact of substitute teacher training on these three categories.

STSES is based on research establishing self-efficacy as a method to evaluate teachers. Bandura’s (1986) self-efficacy theory, based upon Julian Rotter’s (1966) social learning theory, suggests that individuals’ beliefs in their capabilities led them to pursue tasks they believe will produce positive outcomes; the higher an individuals’ self-efficacy, the more positive the outcome expectancy.

STSES can help your district specifically understand whether any professional development has an impact on your substitute teachers.

Bajndura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

Rotter, J.B. (1966) Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, 80, 1-28